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14 - A case of pneumonia due to co-infection with two different viruses
Sinan Mahir Kayiran, Secil Ercin, Petek Genc Kayiran, Egemen Eroglu, Terman Gumus, Berkan Gurakan
Objective: Community acquired pneumonia is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, especially for small children. There is a wide range of etiological agents varying according to age. As conventional culture methods require longer test times for viral and atypical pathogens, nucleic acid tests with higher sensitivity and specificity are advantageous for rapid detection. Due to detection of several different agents in the same sample, multiplex polymerase chain reaction poliymerase chain reaction test offers rapid diagnosis.
Case: In this paper, a 4-year-old boy was presented with a severe course of pneumonia/pleural effusion. The presence of the co-infection of H1N1 virus and human metapneumovirus has been demonstrated by poliymerase chain reaction methods.
Conclusion: This case highlights the importance of detection of viral causes in the etiology of pneumonia, especially with poliymerase chain reaction to avoid unnecessary antibiotic use.
Keywords: Human metapneumovirus, Influenza A (H1N1), Multiplex poliymerase chain reaction, Pneumonia
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